Nausea is a common complaint among women during their menstrual cycles and it can affect women of all ages during their reproductive years. While the exact cause is not fully understood by medical professionals, there are several theories that are possible causes, in addition to other underlying medical conditions. Nausea is sometimes an early pregnancy symptom as well, but it is best not to rely solely on this one symptom before assuming a pregnancy.
One possible reason for the cause of the nausea is dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea is a painful medical condition that affects many women throughout the world. Symptoms include nausea and vomiting, among others that vary based on the individual. Dysmenorrhea has no known physical cause for all the discomfort and pain within the woman's reproductive organs, but medical professionals have often wondered whether the prostaglandins created within the body cause the uterus to contract, much like during childbirth, thus causing the nausea and other symptoms.
Endometriosis is a leading cause of menstrual nausea. Endometriosis is a medical condition caused when uterine-lining cells appear outside of the uterus. Endometriosis can only be diagnosed through a laproscopic surgical procedure. Endometrial implants are normally very noticeable to a doctor if they appear on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or even the bowels during the surgical procedure. Many women who have trouble conceiving discover that they have some level of endometriosis.
A less critical reason for nausea during menstruation is simply uncontrolled pain levels. Many women have intense cramping and pain during their period that often results in nausea and vomiting when left uncontrolled. The best way to bring relief is to control the pain level while the woman is on her period. Once the pain is controlled, the nausea is likely to subside. However, in severe cases it is sometimes necessary to request medication to control the nausea before medication for the pain can be taken, especially if the woman's nausea is intense enough to cause vomiting.
If you have never experienced nausea or vomiting during your period and are suddenly finding yourself unable to function because of it, you should seek immediate medical attention, as it could be a sign of a more serious underlying cause. This includes cases of women who have experienced nausea or vomiting during their periods before and are feeling an increase in symptoms. Talk to a licensed healthcare professional to determine whether a serious medical condition could be causing the problem.