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Archive | Pregnancy Related

Early Pregnancy Symptoms

Early Pregnancy Symptoms

Early Pregnancy Symptoms

Early Pregnancy SymptomsOne of the top Google topics in the world is early pregnancy symptoms. The rate at which people are getting pregnant all over the world is immense. At the moment, girls as young as 12 years are engaging in active sexual intercourse. While the legal age for consent in most countries is 18 years, it is virtually impossible to monitor the sex lives of the children out there. This is not to mean that the topic is not popular among older people. As such, this article seeks to explore the common early pregnancy symptoms.

Prickling and tingling nipples are the first common sign of early pregnancy. Often, tingling nipples occur about one week after conception since the pregnancy hormones start increasing the blood flow to your nipples. The sensation tends to subside as you get used to it ad as the body adapts to the new condition. Changes that occur in the nipples of is one of the earliest pregnancy signs that an individual can look for. Later on as the pregnancy progresses, most of the women normally experience swollen breasts, which become increasingly tender to touch. However, this occurs later on, approximately 6 weeks into the pregnancy. Some women may notice that the breast become fuller and some bluish veins may be visible. The tenderness of breasts usually occur in greater intensity during the first trimester. The intensity of tenderness also tends to dwindle during the 2nd and the 3rd trimesters.

Spotting and cramping is one of the other early pregnancy symptoms. Spotting often occurs during the early stages of pregnancy as a result of implantation. Once the egg is implanted into the uterus, one may experience very light bleeding and blood spots in the panties. Spotting may also occur around the time when you normally expect your periods. Often, this is the result of hormonal changes as the body adapts to the pregnancy. As such, spotting can be used as one of the earliest tell signs of pregnancy.

In addition, the occurrence of morning sickness and general nausea is a sign that the woman is pregnant. Morning sickness usually does not affect every woman; the lucky ones usually escape unscathed. However, most of the women begin getting nauseas once they become pregnant. In fact, one of the most common and public signs of pregnancy is the occurrence of morning sickness. In general, nausea can occur in the morning, during the day and at night. Often, the woman may vomit all over the place and experience headaches.

Fatigue and a need to pee frequently often accompany pregnancy during the early stages. As an early pregnancy symptom, peeing frequently may not be very conclusive. The need to pee usually increases as the pregnancy progresses. Often, it is attributed to the fact the baby rests on the urinary bladder therefore its inability to hold urine for long. In addition, due to the pregnancy hormones, a larger volume of blood is produced in your body. In essence, this means that the kidneys are working extra hard to clean the blood in the body. It is the body’s way of protecting the baby as well as the mother from toxic substances within the blood. Fatigue on the other hand is a common symptom, as the body prepares for the baby, various changes occur within your internal system.

As the changes occur within your body, one of the early pregnancy symptoms is the darkening of your nipples. This is normally lumped together with the skin color changes that afflict most women during the period of pregnancy. The vagina may also change in color growing to purplish or red. The hormonal changes that occur as a result of pregnancy usually vary from one person to the next.

The surest early pregnancy symptom is the missing of your period. Before we explore this particular early pregnancy symptom, it is important to note that not every time that an individual misses their period, they are pregnant. Women can have irregular periods, which occur at different times of the year. That being said, missing your period is often a sign that implantation has occurred. This changes the hormonal imbalance of the body therefore leading to the absence of the period. However, the surest way to determine if you are pregnant is by taking a test, preferably at a medical centre or facility.

Early Pregnancy Symptoms

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Spotting Between Periods

Spotting Between Periods

Spotting Between Periods

Spotting Between PeriodsMost people wonder exactly what spotting between periods really is. Vaginal bleeding is the name for a condition that is commonly referred to as spotting between periods. Doctor’s postulate that every woman who grows in adulthood will at one point in their lives experience vaginal bleeding or spotting between periods. As a common health problem, it is not usually a cause of concern. However, in some cases, one may be required to be given special care by a doctor or a gynecologist. This is because some types of vaginal bleeding may be signs of larger reproductive health problems, which need to be nipped in the bud.

On average, a menstrual cycle lasts about 28 days, with the periods lasting about 4 to 7 days in some people. Vaginal bleeding refers to any bleeding that occurs from the vagina after the normal periods or before they start. Spotting between periods may be very light that the person undergoing the same may fail to notice. However, in some people, it may be so heavy that it may resemble your normal periods. Spotting between periods should not be confused with normal vaginal discharge. A little vaginal bleeding once a while is not considered to be a big health risk. It is important to confirm that the bleeding is coming from the vagina and not from the anal opening. This can be done simply by using a tampon or such other material. On the other hand, you can visit a doctor for a confirmed diagnosis on the source of the blood.

Spotting between periods is common especially when the woman is ovulating, with most women having the blood come out with normal vaginal discharge. It is also possible that vaginal bleeding may be accompanied by cramping. Often, vaginal bleeding is the body’s way of warning the person that her periods are almost due. It helps the lady prepare for the onset of the normal menstrual flow.

So what are the causes of vaginal bleeding? In normal cases, spotting between periods is not something that the person needs to be worried about. However, in some cases, vaginal bleeding indicates deep seated problems within the woman’s reproductive system. To start with, it is a common sign of uterine fibroids or cervical or uterine polyps. Fibroids affect quite a number of women and usually lead to the incapacity of a woman to hold in fluids. Often, surgery is required to correct the situation. One may also experience spotting between periods due to changes in hormonal levels of their bodies. Often, this is the result of changes in the type of birth control that you intend to use. Once a person changes the type of birth control pill, the body responds by adapting to the new method. Starting and stopping the use of birth control pills can also lead to spotting between periods. One of these ways is vaginal bleeding. Such a person may also experience heavy periods as the body seeks to compensate for the changes.

Stress has been known to be a very influential in the occurrence of spotting between periods. Other factors that may lead to episodes of vaginal bleeding include: occurrence of ectopic pregnancies, miscarriages, pregnancy complications, injury to the vaginal area and inflammation of the cervical area. The use of IUD and other blood thinners or anticoagulants can also lead to cases of vaginal bleeding. At times, vaginal bleeding is a sign of the occurrence of cancer in the cervix, while at times it may be a sign of cancer in the fallopian tubes. In women heading towards menopause, vaginal dryness is one of the reasons that people may be faced with vaginal bleeding or spotting between periods.

If you are faced with spotting between periods, you should contact a medical professional immediately if you have other underlying complications and conditions like pregnancy. It is also important to keep track of the number of pads or tampons that you will use during that period in order to determine the amount of bleeding that has occurred over a particular period of time. In addition, you should avoid taking aspirin since it is known to prolong cases of vaginal bleeding. Light bleeding between periods usually is no cause for worry. Heavy bleeding on the other hand often indicates larger problems and should be looked at immediately.

Spotting Between Periods

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Bleeding During First Trimester

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Bleeding During First Trimester

There are multiple reasons to experience bleeding during the first trimester of pregnancy, depending on the woman and her unique medical history. Cervicitis, cervical polyps, sub-chorionic hemorrhage, decidual tissue, or reasons as simple as your body continuing to menstruate during pregnancy and even implantation issues can cause bleeding during the first trimester of pregnancy. A few causes of bleeding during the first trimester require medical diagnosis and treatment, so make sure you see your doctor about it as soon as possible to prevent possible miscarriage or worse.

Cervical Problems

Cervicitis happens when the cervical cells bleed during the process of sexual intercourse or anything that alters the pH balance in the vagina. It can also occur due to the cervical cells becoming infected for a variety of reasons. A yeast infection is the most common cause of cervicitis, but STDs are also able to cause similar symptoms and warrant a trip to your health professional to have them ruled out, especially if you are sexually active.

Cervical polyps can also cause bleeding, and they are simple growths of harmless tissue normally that are simply due to the estrogen levels that occur during pregnancy. In most cases they offer only a minor annoyance and are self-resolved during a vaginal delivery. If you and your health practitioner prefer, they can also be removed during one of the prenatal checkups throughout the pregnancy. It is recommended to have them removed during a checkup rather than waiting for delivery to ensure bleeding does not cause any more worry as the pregnancy progresses.

Hemorrhage and Tissue Issues

A sub-chorionic hemorrhage is another reason for vaginal bleeding during the first trimester, described simply as a small clot that typically resolves itself without a serious problem. There is a very small chance that the clot can enter the area where the placenta is attached to the uterine wall and cause the placenta to detach, thus causing the pregnancy to be lost.

Decidual tissue can cause light bleeding or spotting when a small piece of tissue dissolves. When the decidual tissue dissolves, it can closely mirror a miscarriage and can cause the expectant mother to worry. If the tissue is gray in color, it could possibly be fetal or placental tissue and should warrant immediate medical attention. When it appears that there is any pregnancy-related tissue, it is likely to signal an end to the pregnancy, but it could signify an incomplete miscarriage.


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Cramps During Early Pregnancy

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Cramps During Early Pregnancy

Cramping in early pregnancy does not always mean that there is something is wrong with the pregnancy, and there are a variety of reasons for a woman’s body to cramp during this time. Light cramping can be caused by changes happening within the uterus, and small ovarian cysts on the uterus can also cause some light cramping. If the cramping is severe or accompanied by spotting or bleeding, you should seek medical attention, as it can be a sign of something more serious, such as a miscarriage.

Implantation Cramping

Cramping can be caused by the implantation of the fertilized egg to the uterine wall, often happening several days before you expect your period to begin. Implantation cramping can often be mistaken for premenstrual cramping, since it happens before you would expect to see a positive pregnancy test.

Uterine Stretching

The uterus stretching can also cause cramping, because during pregnancy, the uterus stretches both the muscles and ligaments and this is a likely cause of cramping and discomfort. The cramping associated with the stretching of the muscles and ligaments surrounding the uterus should only be mild. Again, if it becomes serious, call your OB/GYN.

Constipation and Gas

Constipation and painful gas bubbles can also cause cramping, but using stool softeners given to you by your healthcare professional often brings about relief. If the cramping is associated with excess gas, avoiding foods that cause the gas can be a great way to relieve and prevent the cramping and bloating.

Miscarriage

Potential miscarriage is one of the most serious causes for cramping during early pregnancy, such as cramping that is more than just a mild cramping or associated with any sort of spotting or bleeding. Talk to your OB/GYN or call the ER right away if you experience heavy, deep cramping associated with even a small amount of blood, especially if you have a history of miscarriages.

Ectopic Pregnancy

Finally, another of the most serious causes of cramping in early pregnancy is ectopic pregnancy, or pregnancy achieved when the fertilized egg implants in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus. Ectopic pregnancy are considered very dangerous and can be fatal if not caught early, so if you have cramping and pain on one side of your abdomen, seek immediate medical attention at the nearest emergency room. If an ectopic pregnancy ruptures the fallopian tube it can cause internal bleeding, endangering the life of the expectant mother and the developing baby. If the ectopic pregnancy is caught early enough, it can be removed before a rupture, thus saving the tube and helping to ensure successful future pregnancies.


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Very Early Signs of Pregnancy

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Very Early Signs of Pregnancy

Very early signs of pregnancy are often mistaken for premenstrual signs, as they are very similar in nature and severity. Signs during those first few weeks of pregnancy usually include a sensitive sense of smell, craving certain foods, and also being sickened by the smell of certain foods. Both very early pregnancy signs and premenstrual signs include similarities, such as:

  • Sensitive and enlarged breasts,
  • Extreme fatigue,
  • Mild cramping,
  • Mild spotting,
  • Mild nausea, and
  • Having to go to the bathroom more often than normal.

Estrogen and Hormonal Changes

Most of the first signs of pregnancy are caused by a sudden change in both the estrogen and progesterone hormones within a woman’s body. The breast sensitivity and enlargement, nausea, sensitive smell, aversion to and cravings of certain foods, and needing to go to the bathroom more frequently are all symptoms associated with hormonal changes.

Bloating

Bloating is a sign that can often be mistaken for either early pregnancy or premenstrual syndrome, more commonly called PMS. Progesterone is the main hormone responsible for bloating in both very early pregnancy and before menstruation because it allows digestion to slow, thus allowing more nutrients to seep into the blood.

Light Bleeding

Light bleeding in early pregnancy is often mistaken for the onset of the woman’s period. Many women start spotting, normally upon implantation, without realizing that they are pregnant and thus they start preparing for their period, only to have the spotting stop and be left wondering what is happening. There is only a small fraction of women that actually spot or bleed upon implantation, so it is very easy to miss this early sign.

Fatigue

Fatigue is caused by the large amount of energy needed to create the placenta required for the baby’s safety and growth during pregnancy. The first trimester of pregnancy is the only phase where so much change happens for your unborn child. It takes a lot of energy for the fetus to develop into a normal, healthy unborn child, so it makes sense that Mom gets tired easily and often.

Frequent Bathroom Trips

The pregnancy hormone human chorionic godadotropin, or HCG, causes frequent trips to the bathroom. The hormone increases blood flow to the kidneys, allowing the woman’s body to expel waste more efficiently. The uterus is also enlarging and putting pressure on the woman’s bladder, causing her to have the “gotta go” feeling more often, even if it results in very little output most of the time. The combination of the pressure and hormonal increase causes the woman to learn where each bathroom is in whatever building she is located, and quickly.


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spotting between periods on the pill

Spotting Between Periods on the Pill

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spotting between periods on the pill

Most of the women notice spotting between periods on the pill. This ‘breakthrough bleeding’ or spotting may happen once in a while or for next few months. It is mainly due to the changes in a woman’s hormone levels.

Some of the reasons are as follows:

  • Starting the Pills: When the women start taking the birth control pill, she may notice spotting between periods. This problem is usually fixed once the body gets adjusted to the contraceptive pills. Thus, it is important that woman on oral contraceptive pills should take their dose regularly and at the same time each day.
  • Missing Pills: One of the main reasons for breakthrough bleeding is missing pills. If a woman forgets to take pills every day, the levels of hormones get affected since the missed pill causes the hormone level to fall. Thus, to prevent spotting between periods, it is important to take the pills regularly.
  • Combination Pills: Women who use combination pills also suffer from spotting between periods. These types of pills contain hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. These pills cause certain alteration in the lining of the uterus to shed extra blood between periods.
  • Changing pills: Most of the time, when a woman starts a new pill may experience spotting between periods. This is mainly caused due to the imbalance in the hormone levels that initiate the shedding of uterine lining. The body takes time to adjust to the new pill and dosages.
  • Medicines: If a woman is also taking certain medications like antibiotics along with oral contraceptive pills may experience spotting between periods. These drugs might interfere with the birth control pills. Some studies show the similar interference caused by smoking.
  • Diseases: Spotting may also result due to sexually transmitted diseases. It can also be a symptom of endometrial or cervical cancer, especially when a spotting is followed by heavy bleeding and pain. Spotting between periods might also be caused due to stress and other medical conditions.

Oral contraceptive pills are an excellent way of birth control when used correctly. If any woman is suffering from spotting between periods on pills and this has continued for three months in a row, then it is strictly a matter of concern. This issue must not be taken lightly and should be immediately consulted with a doctor to rule out the possibility of any risks.


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symptoms of miscarriage

Symptoms of Miscarriage

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symptoms of miscarriage

Miscarriage is a loss of pregnancy in the first 20 weeks of your pregnancy. It is found that the period of initial 6 to 8 weeks is very crucial and vulnerable to miscarriage. Thus, utmost care is required during the first 3 months of pregnancy. The probability of miscarriage increases with age. Approximately 28% of pregnant women are at the risk of having miscarriage at the age of forty.

Here are a few symptoms of miscarriage:

  • Vaginal Bleeding: Vaginal bleeding or spotting is the one of the initial symptoms of miscarriage. Vaginal bleeding can be light, heavy; irregular or continuous. In few cases, bleeding is followed by a brownish discharge. However, spotting during pregnancy does not always indicate miscarriage, and can be caused due to other reasons. Most women experience bleeding in first trimester and have successful pregnancy.
  • Abdominal Pain: Severe pain in the abdominal region along with vaginal spotting can be a symptom of miscarriage. Pain in the pelvic region is another early symptom of miscarriage. Abdominal pain may start a few hours after the onset of bleeding. In some cases, similar abdominal pain can indicate the occurrence of an ectopic pregnancy, which is a fatal condition that is caused when a fetus is implanted outside the uterus. Although minor abdominal cramps that are often experienced during menstruation is not necessarily a symptom of miscarriage.
  • Other Symptoms of Miscarriage: Some other symptoms of miscarriage include loss of morning sickness, decreased breast tenderness, severe vomiting, a sudden loss in weight, and dizziness. Some women might experience painful contraction for a couple of minutes, frequent urination, or burning sensation while urinating.

Pregnant women with such symptoms must consult the doctor immediately, as there is the risk of extreme blood loss. Rarely there may be no symptoms of miscarriage, and an actual state is detected by conducting an ultrasound scan when it is seen that the fetus has stopped developing and the heart beat is missing.

However, never get upset with the miscarriage. There is wide prospect of having a healthy pregnancy even after miscarriage. Usually the causes of miscarriage are not the fault of a pregnant woman. But, it is important to take care of your health during post-miscarriage and look for ways to help you get through the bad phase.


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spotting during pregnancy

Spotting During Pregnancy

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spotting during pregnancy

Some women may experience spotting or light bleeding during their pregnancy. It might appear alarming to a pregnant mother, but many times there is a normal cause for the spotting. Spotting is often noticed in the first trimester of pregnancy, and may not be a cause of worry. However, any spotting during the second and third trimester should be immediately reported to your gynecologist.

There are many causes for the spotting during pregnancy. Let’s have a look at some of the common causes:

  • Ectopic pregnancy and Miscarriage: If spotting during the first trimester of pregnancy is accompanied by cramping and abdominal pain, it can be an early sign of an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage. Ectopic pregnancy can be a fatal condition, thus, it is crucial to consult your doctor immediately if you experience spotting or pain during your pregnancy. However, remember that several women have spotting during pregnancy and they never experience miscarriage.
  • Infections: Infections of the vagina like bacterial vaginosis or yeast infection can cause spotting during pregnancy. Moreover, sexually transmitted infections like chlamydia, herpes, and gonorrhea can cause your cervix to become inflamed and cause spotting.
  • Premature labor or Placental conditions: Spotting during the second or third trimester can be a sign of a premature labor that can occur between mid-pregnancy and 37 weeks of pregnancy. Other causes may indicate to a condition related to placenta such as placental abruption and placenta previa.
  • Implantation Bleeding: Implantation bleeding is another cause for the spotting during pregnancy. In this condition, egg burrows into the uterus lining and cause slight spotting.
  • Spotting after sex: During pregnancy the blood supply to the cervix is much higher than usual. Thus, sex can aggravate the cause and cause some spotting later. If this is the case, then it is advisable to refrain from sex during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Spotting after Pap smear or internal examination: A pap smear or an internal examination may be the cause of spotting in some women since this causes greater flow to the cervix. If the spotting is heavy and turns to bleeding contact your gynecologist.


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