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heavy periods

Heavy Periods

Heavy Periods

Heavy PeriodsWomen, like most of the other animals are unique, with some having heavy periods and others light periods and still others, medium flows. Periods refer to the duration within the menstrual cycle of a woman, when the uterine wall is shed and the egg disposed off as a result of the failure of fertilization. It is one of the surest signs of not being pregnant since it points to the fact that no egg has been implanted. However, while some people tend to have light flows, other women normally experience heavy periods, so much so that manufacturers of sanitary pads have produced special lines to suit their needs. Over the years, experts have tried to understand the reasoning behind these occurrences, helping the woman with heavy periods understand why it happens and preferably come up with a solution.

Researchers have determined that in 40% to 60% of the case of heavy periods, there is no underlying problem. This means that those people who get heavy periods and fall in this category literally have nothing to worry about. They just need to better prepare themselves for the eventuality as it is a normal occurrence in them. It is the remaining percentage of people who do not fall in this category that need to be worried.

Menorrhagia is the name given to a condition that is marked by abnormally long and heavy periods in women. This condition normally occurs as a result of abnormal blood clotting and the disruption of normal hormonal regulation of periods. It may also occur as a result of the occurrence of disorders in the endometrial lining of the uterus. At times, this condition can result in very painful periods, a situation that is referred to as dysmenorrhea. However, in other cases, the heavy periods may be accompanied with no pain at all. The reason why people suffering from this condition should be worried is because menorrhagia usually indicates the presence of underlying conditions such as fibroids, ovarian endocrine disorder, coagulation defects and pelvic inflammatory disease. It may also occur as a result of an ectopic pregnancy or as a result of incomplete abortion. Either way, it is imperative that you visit the doctor as soon as possible to get a proper diagnosis on the situation.

Hormonal causes are often blamed for the occurrence of heavy periods in some people. Often, hormones may be linked to erratic or missed ovulation, which affects the normal cycle. The absence of ovulation means that the production of estrogen continues and the inner lining of the uterine wall continues being formed. As such, by the time ovulation occurs, then the volume of the inner lining of the uterine lining that is to be shed is quite large. This in essence results in very heavy periods since there is a lot of tissue to be released. Hormonal imbalances in the body can be passed off as normal in some cases; however, in others, there is usually reason for concern as they can indicate low thyroid, presence of adenoma or a problem in the hypothalamus. It may also mean that the person is too stressed thus affecting the chemical balance in the body.

Miscarriages have also been known to induce the occurrence of very heavy periods. A miscarriage is the sudden loss of the fetus before the end of the 20th week. Miscarriages can occur due to a number of reasons, which range from the mother’s immunity system fighting that of the fetus, to death of the fertilized egg due to poor health conditions. In addition, the mother’s pelvic wall may fail to hold the baby in place, leading to early ejection of the baby from the body. The result of these conditions is that the fetus is flushed out of the body in the same way that menses occurs. Often, the symptoms for the miscarriage mirror those of a normal menses but often extend over an elongated period of time. They are also usually heavier than normal.

Infection of the lining of the uterus can also lead to heavy periods. Infections of this lining such as endometritis usually cause the uterine wall to get inflamed. The result is that the inner wall is destabilized leading to the occurrence of more breakthrough bleeding. These infections can lead to much bigger problems if not checked in time.

Heavy Periods

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Spotting Between Periods

Spotting Between Periods

Spotting Between Periods

Spotting Between PeriodsMost people wonder exactly what spotting between periods really is. Vaginal bleeding is the name for a condition that is commonly referred to as spotting between periods. Doctor’s postulate that every woman who grows in adulthood will at one point in their lives experience vaginal bleeding or spotting between periods. As a common health problem, it is not usually a cause of concern. However, in some cases, one may be required to be given special care by a doctor or a gynecologist. This is because some types of vaginal bleeding may be signs of larger reproductive health problems, which need to be nipped in the bud.

On average, a menstrual cycle lasts about 28 days, with the periods lasting about 4 to 7 days in some people. Vaginal bleeding refers to any bleeding that occurs from the vagina after the normal periods or before they start. Spotting between periods may be very light that the person undergoing the same may fail to notice. However, in some people, it may be so heavy that it may resemble your normal periods. Spotting between periods should not be confused with normal vaginal discharge. A little vaginal bleeding once a while is not considered to be a big health risk. It is important to confirm that the bleeding is coming from the vagina and not from the anal opening. This can be done simply by using a tampon or such other material. On the other hand, you can visit a doctor for a confirmed diagnosis on the source of the blood.

Spotting between periods is common especially when the woman is ovulating, with most women having the blood come out with normal vaginal discharge. It is also possible that vaginal bleeding may be accompanied by cramping. Often, vaginal bleeding is the body’s way of warning the person that her periods are almost due. It helps the lady prepare for the onset of the normal menstrual flow.

So what are the causes of vaginal bleeding? In normal cases, spotting between periods is not something that the person needs to be worried about. However, in some cases, vaginal bleeding indicates deep seated problems within the woman’s reproductive system. To start with, it is a common sign of uterine fibroids or cervical or uterine polyps. Fibroids affect quite a number of women and usually lead to the incapacity of a woman to hold in fluids. Often, surgery is required to correct the situation. One may also experience spotting between periods due to changes in hormonal levels of their bodies. Often, this is the result of changes in the type of birth control that you intend to use. Once a person changes the type of birth control pill, the body responds by adapting to the new method. Starting and stopping the use of birth control pills can also lead to spotting between periods. One of these ways is vaginal bleeding. Such a person may also experience heavy periods as the body seeks to compensate for the changes.

Stress has been known to be a very influential in the occurrence of spotting between periods. Other factors that may lead to episodes of vaginal bleeding include: occurrence of ectopic pregnancies, miscarriages, pregnancy complications, injury to the vaginal area and inflammation of the cervical area. The use of IUD and other blood thinners or anticoagulants can also lead to cases of vaginal bleeding. At times, vaginal bleeding is a sign of the occurrence of cancer in the cervix, while at times it may be a sign of cancer in the fallopian tubes. In women heading towards menopause, vaginal dryness is one of the reasons that people may be faced with vaginal bleeding or spotting between periods.

If you are faced with spotting between periods, you should contact a medical professional immediately if you have other underlying complications and conditions like pregnancy. It is also important to keep track of the number of pads or tampons that you will use during that period in order to determine the amount of bleeding that has occurred over a particular period of time. In addition, you should avoid taking aspirin since it is known to prolong cases of vaginal bleeding. Light bleeding between periods usually is no cause for worry. Heavy bleeding on the other hand often indicates larger problems and should be looked at immediately.

Spotting Between Periods

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How Many Days Between Periods?


How Many Days Between Periods
What is the normal cycle the average woman will have a period? Most women experience what is considered an irregular menstrual cycle on occasion, but the normal time between periods is typically 25 to 31 days, counting from day 1 to day 1, or CD1, with each period lasting approximately 4 to 7 days. The average length of a menstrual cycle is 28 days, with a period lasting 5 days, but keep in mind that this is definitely not the case for every woman.

Irregular and Abnormal Periods

Some women experience extremely long menstrual cycles, or those that are further than 31 days apart. Long menstrual cycles are commonly referred to as abnormal, although it may not be abnormal for you if your cycle is consistent.

An irregular menstrual cycle is one that varies from month to month; for instance, you have a menstrual cycle that is 26 days long one month and 31 days the next month, or vice versa. Stress, tension, medication, and caffeine can result in an irregular menstrual cycle. Caffeine interrupts the purpose of the corpus leuteum and acts as a blood thinner, yet another reason to drink beverages containing caffeine only in moderation. Smoking cigarettes is another surprising affecter of menstrual cycles. The toxin produced by heavy smoking abbreviates the follicular phase and can reduce the duration of the luteal phase. If you are a heavy drinker, you could also see irregular menstrual cycles as a result.


Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, or PCOS, causes irregular menstrual cycles since it creates an imbalance in estrogen and progesterone, the female reproductive hormones. PCOS also causes significant increases in the amount of hormones called androgens, which are typically seen in men. Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome usually do not ovulate; they tend to develop small cysts instead of releasing mature eggs.


Your healthcare professional will review your medical history and perform a physical exam to try and determine a cause for irregular menstrual cycles. Blood tests, ultrasounds, or a biopsy may be ordered to rule out anything major. The main reason a woman has irregular menstrual cycles is a hormonal imbalance, which is both easy to treat and easy to cure using a hormone-containing birth control pill for a short amount of time. Once your menstrual cycle is regulated, your healthcare professional may allow you to stop using the pill and try to conceive once again, if that is your goal.


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Missed Periods


Missed Periods

A missed period can be caused by a number of things, but not all of them should instantly make you afraid. Simple answers include stress or illness, and even a change in your medication or daily routine can cause you to miss a period. Other causes include being over- or underweight, simply miscalculating when you should have started your period, the onset of menopause, or the most obvious reason of a missed period—pregnancy.

Factor: Stress

As a woman, stress can cause more problems in our lives than headaches, irrational behavior and mood swings. It can also create problems with our menstrual cycles. Ovulation and menstruation are both controlled by the hormone GnRH, (a gonadotropin-releasing hormone). Stress can decrease the levels of these hormones, thus causing a delay to the menstrual cycle. Short-term and long-term illnesses can also affect a woman’s menstrual cycle similar to how stress affects it.

Factors: Medication/Schedule Changes

Changes in medications can have many adverse side effects, including a menstrual cycle delay for an indefinite period of time. Changing your daily schedule can also cause unpleasant side effects for your menstrual cycle, especially if you are transitioning from working daytime schedules to a nighttime shift.

Factors: Weight

An overweight body can cause your hormones to fluctuate, thus affecting not only your menstrual cycle, but also your fertility. A woman with a history of fertility (or no reason for infertility) who is able to lose the extra weight may able to achieve a normal menstrual cycle and fertility. An underweight body acts the same, and an underweight body does not have enough fat, so menstruation ceases altogether. If an underweight woman gains to a proper weight, she will likely see the return of her normal menstrual cycle.

Factors: Menopause

Menopause signals the beginning of the end of your menstrual cycle. Periods will become lighter and further apart during this time, but you can still become pregnant for a while and preventative measures should be taken if pregnancy is not desired. Menopause can happen naturally as a woman ages or medically via a hysterectomy or chemotherapy.

Factors: Pregnancy

The most obvious reason for missing a period is pregnancy. Pregnancy is a welcome reason for missed periods for some women, especially for those who have been actively trying to conceive. A home pregnancy test is simple to use and easy to acquire to help determine whether a pregnancy is the culprit for a missed period, and most are very accurate after a few days past your scheduled period.


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Causes of Nausea


Causes of Nausea

Nausea is a common complaint among women during their menstrual cycles and it can affect women of all ages during their reproductive years. While the exact cause is not fully understood by medical professionals, there are several theories that are possible causes, in addition to other underlying medical conditions. Nausea is sometimes an early pregnancy symptom as well, but it is best not to rely solely on this one symptom before assuming a pregnancy.

One possible reason for the cause of the nausea is dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea is a painful medical condition that affects many women throughout the world. Symptoms include nausea and vomiting, among others that vary based on the individual. Dysmenorrhea has no known physical cause for all the discomfort and pain within the woman’s reproductive organs, but medical professionals have often wondered whether the prostaglandins created within the body cause the uterus to contract, much like during childbirth, thus causing the nausea and other symptoms.

Endometriosis is a leading cause of menstrual nausea. Endometriosis is a medical condition caused when uterine-lining cells appear outside of the uterus. Endometriosis can only be diagnosed through a laproscopic surgical procedure. Endometrial implants are normally very noticeable to a doctor if they appear on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or even the bowels during the surgical procedure. Many women who have trouble conceiving discover that they have some level of endometriosis.

A less critical reason for nausea during menstruation is simply uncontrolled pain levels. Many women have intense cramping and pain during their period that often results in nausea and vomiting when left uncontrolled. The best way to bring relief is to control the pain level while the woman is on her period. Once the pain is controlled, the nausea is likely to subside. However, in severe cases it is sometimes necessary to request medication to control the nausea before medication for the pain can be taken, especially if the woman’s nausea is intense enough to cause vomiting.

If you have never experienced nausea or vomiting during your period and are suddenly finding yourself unable to function because of it, you should seek immediate medical attention, as it could be a sign of a more serious underlying cause. This includes cases of women who have experienced nausea or vomiting during their periods before and are feeling an increase in symptoms. Talk to a licensed healthcare professional to determine whether a serious medical condition could be causing the problem.


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Vaginal Bleeding


Vaginal Bleeding

Vaginal bleeding, more commonly known as a “period,” is a normal monthly process for women of childbearing age. The onset of a period can frighten young girls if their mother, another female guardian, or a special person in their life does not adequately prepare them beforehand. Vaginal bleeding typically comes after the onset of puberty around the age of 11, although some develop a year or so before and up to ten years later.

Vaginal bleeding is the result of the woman’s egg not being fertilized, symbolic of the beginning of one cycle and the end of the previous cycle. If the egg, which is released by an ovary, is not fertilized, then the corpus leuteum starts to weaken and eventually it dies. The corpus leuteum is a collection of blood vessels inside the uterus that will become the placenta during pregnancy if the egg is fertilized. Once the corpus leuteum has completely disintegrated, vaginal bleeding normally begins.

The Menstrual Cycle—The Follicular Phase

In order to better understand vaginal bleeding, or menstruation, it is best to start at the beginning of the menstrual cycle and explain things a bit further. The beginning of the cycle begins on the first day of a woman’s period, often referred to as “CD 1,” or “cycle day 1”. Vaginal bleeding typically lasts 4 to 7 days, however this is not an exact number for every woman but rather an approximation based on the average number of days that a woman has her monthly cycle.

After the vaginal bleeding has stopped, the body starts preparing for ovulation, and this is the halfway point in the menstrual cycle. Ovulation occurs when eggs inside the ovaries reach maturity and are released into the fallopian tubes. The egg that is released is typically the largest egg in the ovary at a given time, and the smaller ones are not released until they have reached their full size and maturity. The phase leading up to ovulation is known as the follicular phase, but can also be called the proliferative phase.

Premenstrual Phase

The next phase is called the luteal phase, or the premenstrual phase. The luteal phase is typically 14 days. Women can actually tell when their next period is going to start if they know exactly what day they ovulated by simply adding 14 days to the date of ovulation. During the luteal phase, the corpus leuteum develops and prepares for the implantation of a fertilized egg and the resulting pregnancy. However, if this does not happen, the menstrual cycle begins all over again.


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