Women, like most of the other animals are unique, with some having heavy periods and others light periods and still others, medium flows. Periods refer to the duration within the menstrual cycle of a woman, when the uterine wall is shed and the egg disposed off as a result of the failure of fertilization. It is one of the surest signs of not being pregnant since it points to the fact that no egg has been implanted. However, while some people tend to have light flows, other women normally experience heavy periods, so much so that manufacturers of sanitary pads have produced special lines to suit their needs. Over the years, experts have tried to understand the reasoning behind these occurrences, helping the woman with heavy periods understand why it happens and preferably come up with a solution.
Researchers have determined that in 40% to 60% of the case of heavy periods, there is no underlying problem. This means that those people who get heavy periods and fall in this category literally have nothing to worry about. They just need to better prepare themselves for the eventuality as it is a normal occurrence in them. It is the remaining percentage of people who do not fall in this category that need to be worried.
Menorrhagia is the name given to a condition that is marked by abnormally long and heavy periods in women. This condition normally occurs as a result of abnormal blood clotting and the disruption of normal hormonal regulation of periods. It may also occur as a result of the occurrence of disorders in the endometrial lining of the uterus. At times, this condition can result in very painful periods, a situation that is referred to as dysmenorrhea. However, in other cases, the heavy periods may be accompanied with no pain at all. The reason why people suffering from this condition should be worried is because menorrhagia usually indicates the presence of underlying conditions such as fibroids, ovarian endocrine disorder, coagulation defects and pelvic inflammatory disease. It may also occur as a result of an ectopic pregnancy or as a result of incomplete abortion. Either way, it is imperative that you visit the doctor as soon as possible to get a proper diagnosis on the situation.
Hormonal causes are often blamed for the occurrence of heavy periods in some people. Often, hormones may be linked to erratic or missed ovulation, which affects the normal cycle. The absence of ovulation means that the production of estrogen continues and the inner lining of the uterine wall continues being formed. As such, by the time ovulation occurs, then the volume of the inner lining of the uterine lining that is to be shed is quite large. This in essence results in very heavy periods since there is a lot of tissue to be released. Hormonal imbalances in the body can be passed off as normal in some cases; however, in others, there is usually reason for concern as they can indicate low thyroid, presence of adenoma or a problem in the hypothalamus. It may also mean that the person is too stressed thus affecting the chemical balance in the body.
Miscarriages have also been known to induce the occurrence of very heavy periods. A miscarriage is the sudden loss of the fetus before the end of the 20th week. Miscarriages can occur due to a number of reasons, which range from the mother’s immunity system fighting that of the fetus, to death of the fertilized egg due to poor health conditions. In addition, the mother’s pelvic wall may fail to hold the baby in place, leading to early ejection of the baby from the body. The result of these conditions is that the fetus is flushed out of the body in the same way that menses occurs. Often, the symptoms for the miscarriage mirror those of a normal menses but often extend over an elongated period of time. They are also usually heavier than normal.
Infection of the lining of the uterus can also lead to heavy periods. Infections of this lining such as endometritis usually cause the uterine wall to get inflamed. The result is that the inner wall is destabilized leading to the occurrence of more breakthrough bleeding. These infections can lead to much bigger problems if not checked in time.